Apr 13, 2023

Progress, but job not done yet: The Bank of Canada maintains its policy rate, no longer expects a recession in Canada

The Bank of Canada held its policy rate at 4.5% and renewed its commitment to bringing inflation back to the 2% target. Though inflation is declining, it remains well above target, and the economy is in excess demand. The Bank expects Canada’s GDP growth to remain weak in 2023, but is no longer forecasting a recession in Canada.

Mahmoud Khairy, Economist, Canadian Chamber of Commerce


  • The Bank of Canada held its policy rate: As expected, the Bank held its policy rate at 4.5%. This was the second consecutive hold during their “conditional pause” period (after previously hiking rates by a cumulative 4.25%). The Bank is also continuing its quantitative tightening policy.
  • Global economic outlook better than expected in 2023: Despite tighter monetary policy and banking sector stress in the U.S. and Europe, global economic data have been better than the Bank previously anticipated. The Bank, therefore, revised up its projection for world economic growth (to 2.6% from 1.9%), while revising down 2024 slightly (to 2.1% from 2.4%). That said, the U.S. economy is expected to be weaking in the coming quarters, mainly due to slower consumer spending and tightener credit condition.
  • Canada’s economy to grow modestly in 2023: Economic activity clearly slowed down over 2022, but the Bank still sees Canada’s economy as being in a position of “excess demand”. The good news is that with the bounce-back now expected for 2023Q1, the Bank is no longer forecasting a recession in Canada in 2023, and revised up its growth outlook from 1.0% to 1.4%.
  • Inflation progress, but job not done: Inflation has declined from its peak of 8.1% last summer to 5.2% most recently. The Bank will be encouraged by this progress and expects inflation to slow to 3% this summer, but the return to 2% could take longer than previously expected — now near the end of 2024.
  • The slowdown in inflation so far is largely due to falling prices for energy and other goods. Services prices have only really stabilized and will need to come down further for inflation to return to target. Food inflation remains high, and with a tight labour market, wages are growing at 4-5%, and may only ease slowly with continued labour supply growth.
  • The Bank highlighted five key progress indicators that it will be watching: inflation expectations, services inflation, wages, business pricing behavior, and core inflation. Governing Council reiterated that it, “remains prepared to raise the policy rate further if needed” to get inflation back to target. This should send a clearer message to financial markets that they shouldn’t expect the Bank rate to fall in 2023, as was previously priced in.


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